Psychotherapy and counselling services differ from psychology and psychiatry in important respects:
- A psychologist has a Ph.D in psychology from a university. Ph.D stands for “doctor of philosophy”, which can be defined as extensive and specialized knowledge in one area of study, in this case psychology.
- In addition to psychotherapy and counselling services, psychologists are known to perform various psychological and psycho-educational tests and write diagnosis-specific reports for schools, which may be required to receive special services in this environment.
- Unlike psychotherapists, psychologists are not required to be in therapy themselves as part of their training requirement, and they may or may not have received special training in psychotherapy or counselling services in addition to their Ph.D.
- Unlike psychiatrists, psychologists do not prescribe medication
- A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who attended medical school and specialized in psychiatry
- Psychiatrists are covered by OHIP
- A psychiatrist is the only mental health profession who is qualified to prescribe medication, and many psychiatrists prescribe medication and perform therapeutic and/or medication consultations for purposes of reaching a psychiatric diagnosis, without doing long-term psychotherapy.
- Psychiatrists are not required to be in therapy themselves as part of their training requirement, and they may or may not have received special training in psychotherapy in addition to their medical degree.
- Some psychiatrists conduct longer-term psychotherapy.